**Question:** Does the zero vector have no basis? Justify . Construct the real polynomial degree at most 2 whose graph contaions the point \((-4 , 24) ,(1 , 9)\ and\ (3 , 3)\) sketch the graph.

Solution:

First Part:

No,empty set the basis for zero vector.

Second part:

Here \(c_0 = -4, c_1 = 1, c_2 = 3\) and \(b_0 = 24 , b_1 = 9 , b_2 = 3\)

Here degree is at most 2 ,so n = 2

Now we find

\(F_0(x) = \prod_{(k =0, k \neq 0)}^{2}\)

\(F_0(x)=\frac{x - ck}{c0 - ck}\)\
=\(\frac{(x - c_1)(x - c_2)}{(c_0 - c_1)(c_0 - c_1)}\)

= \(\frac{(x-1)(x-3)}{(-4-1)(-4-3)}\)

=\(\frac{x^2 - 4x + 3}{35}\)

\(F_1(x)\) = \(∏_{(k=0, k ≠1)}^{2}\frac{(x-ck)}{(c1-ck)}\)

= \(\frac{(x - c_o)(x - c_2)}{(c_1 - c0)(c_1 - c_2)}\)

= \(\frac{(x + 4)(x - 3)}{(1 + 4)(1 - 3)}\)

=\(\frac{(x_2 + x - 12)}{-10}\)

\(F_2(x) = \prod_{(k=0, k ≠2)}^{2}\frac{x - ck}{c_2 - c_k}\)

=\(\frac{(x + 4)(x - 1)}{(3 + 4)(3 - 1)}\)

=\(\frac{(x^2 + 3x - 4)}{14}\)

Hence the require polynomial is

\(F(x) = \sum_{(i = 0)}^{2}b_if_i(x) = b_0F_0(x) + b_1f_1(x) + b_2f_2(x)\)

\(F(x) = 24 \frac { (x_2 - 4x + 3)}{35} + 9 \frac{(x^2 + x - 12)}{(-10)} +3 \frac{(x^2 + 3x - 4)}{14}\)

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